Prolonged exposure to loud noises is one of the leading causes of hearing loss. This can result from occupational noise (e.g., machinery or construction work) or recreational activities (e.g., attending concerts, using loud headphones, or shooting firearms without proper hearing protection).
Age-related hearing loss, known as presbycusis, is a natural and gradual decline in hearing that often occurs as people get older. It typically affects both ears and is related to changes in the inner ear over time.
Some forms of hearing loss can be hereditary, passed down from one's parents or grandparents. Genetic factors can predispose individuals to hearing impairment.
Ear infections, especially if left untreated, can lead to hearing loss. Infections can cause inflammation and damage to the delicate structures of the ear, such as the eardrum and middle ear bones.
Certain medications, such as some antibiotics and chemotherapy drugs, as well as exposure to toxic chemicals, can have a harmful effect on the auditory system and lead to hearing loss.